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Lower Mbuya, Kampala (U) Plot 6 Ojara Close

+256 708 000 888, Fax: ###

info@slinemotors.co.ug

Mon-Fri: 8:00 am – 5:30

Monday-Saturday 8:00AM - 5:30PM
Schedule Your Appointment +256 708 000 888
Lower Mbuya, Kampala (U) Plot 6 Ojara Close

Products description

Products description

AC Compressor

Designed to power your car’s air-conditioning system, the AC compressor is what pumps refrigerant into the condenser. Its function is to put pressure onto the refrigerant so that it is passed into the condenser where it changes from gas to liquid. The AC compressor is necessary for a peak functional air-conditioning system.

The tell-tale signs of a faulty AC compressor include leakage of refrigerant and worn engine accessory belt which is what drives the compressor.

Failures in the internal parts may not be obvious but you will notice that there is no cold air.

 AC Condenser

The air condenser is placed between the radiator which cools the engine and the car grille. The ac condenser is a crucial part of your AC, it serves during the process of air-cooling and air drying.

 If you have noticed that the cabin of your car is not getting cooled properly, your ac condenser probably has a problem. From the warning lights on the dashboard, overheating when the car is idling, coolant leaks and burning smells, you probably need your AC condenser replaced. Have it checked out.

Ac Evaporator

The Ac evaporator is a small radiator made to provide air for the air conditioning system. The ac evaporator can also suffer leaks which however might not be so obvious, the evaporator leaks only refrigerant vapour. The signs of a faulty ac evaporator include warm air from your ac vents and failures when your ac goes on. If you have noticed any of these faults and any problems with the air conditioner. have it checked out, if your ac evaporator has s problem, replacements are available.

Ac Expansion Valve

The ac expansion valve is designed to reduce the pressure of the refrigerant fluid as it moves up the evaporator. It is very crucial to the Ac because the drop in pressure is what cools the refrigerant.

If your expansion valve is dysfunctional, the air conditioner will not produce cool air. Do a diagnosis of your air conditioner and replace the ac expansion valve if it is no longer functional.

Ac Pressure Switch

The pressure switch is made in such a way that it protects the circuits for compression and refrigeration. There will be a number of indicators if your pressure switch has a problem; the air conditioning system goes on and off. The air conditioner will not produce cool air with a failing pressure switch and will with time completely go off. You can get a replacement for your pressure switch if it fails.

Receiver Drier

The receiver drier protects all the components within the air conditioning loop. It is on the high-pressure side of the circuit located between the condenser outlet and the expansion valve inlet. If any of the components within the air conditioner are faulty and the circuit is opened, the receiver-drier must be replaced. You should replace your receiver drier at least every three years. If it is not replaced, the entire system starts to fail.

Belt / Chain Drive

Cam Belt

The cambelt goes by other names like, timing chain and timing belt. The cambelt is a component of the intern combustion engine. It ensures that the engine’s valves open and close at the right time during the engine’s intake and exhaust strokes by the engine.

A worn-out cam belt will look glossy on its underside plus any cracks and fraying. If your belt has any kind of damage, have it replaced.

Drive Belt Tensioner

The drive belt tensioner is a pulley system. It is designed to maintain tension on the engine’s serpentine belts so that they can run the engine parts. Squeaking sounds from the engine can be a sign of trouble with the tensioner. It will also cause the belt to wear out fast. It is important to keep the tensioner in good condition to drive other engine accessories. If it has a problem, replacement is available.

Guide Pulley

The guide pulley also (idler pulley) guides the serpentine belt. Squealing sounds when the car is idling and a frozen pulley that is hard to spin are some of the common signs of a bad guide pulley. With time, the guide pulley wears out, the replacement intervals vary depending on what car you drive. It is essential that the serpentine belts remain running, it is therefore important to replace the guide pulley if it has a problem.

 Poly V-Belt Kit

The poly V belt kit consists of a belt with V-shaped ribs. It is used to transmit the force of the engine to other parts like the alternator, the car’s air conditioning system, the water pump and the power steering pump. If it is not working, all the components that rely on it for engine power are affected. A bad poly V belt can be replaced with a new poly V belt kit.

Tensioner Pulley

You will need to replace the tensioner pulley in your car if its limit of usefulness has been reached or if it is defective. The signs of a defective or worn pulley include noises when the pulley is being rotated, loose and broken belts.

Timing Belt Kit

A timing belt kit is made of a number of parts whose role is to transmit torque from the crankshaft pulley to other parts. Issues with the timing belt can be detected from cracks on the belt and clicking sounds from within the bonnet. The tension belt can also tear or there is a reduction in tension which causes bad timing within the ignition. Replace your timing belt if it is worn or defective. It is crucial because it affects how your car runs.

 Timing Chain Kit

The timing chain kit includes the timing plus an assortment of other components that connect to it. If the timing chain kit is not functioning, replace it. If the limit of use is reached, replace the timing chain kit as well. It is essential that you replace the time chain kit if it is defective because it contains a number of other essential components. Components of the timing chain kit include dampers, gaskets, gears, seals, fasteners, hydraulic tensioners and gears. The entire kit put together stands a better chance of lasting longer than replacing every part independently.

 Timing Chain Tensioner

The timing chain tension is designed to keep the timing chain in position. The timing chain should not, slack, the timing chain tensioner ensures that it stays in position. When you replace the timing chain, replace the tensioner as well. The timing chain tensioner has a specified lifetime which is usually about 100,000 km. when this period is exceeded, take it for diagnosis and get a replacement if it is worn out.

 V Ribbed Belt

The V ribbed belt runs other accessories of the engine. A defective v ribbed belt can affect the engine performance. The common symptoms of a faulty v ribbed belt include noises from the working area, vibration from the belt, oil traces on the belt and failure of the engine to cool. Always inspect the belt when you make an oil change, if the physical damage is strong replace the v ribbed belt. Small damages can be ignored.

V-Belt

The v belt is liable to breakage, twisting of the belt and wear on its surfaces. You will notice some indicators when your v belt needs a replacement. Your engine will whistle as it works, overheating within the engine and physical wear on the belt.

Water Pump + Timing Belt Kit

The timing belt is assembled with the water pump which cools the engine.  You will tell that your water pump is faulty if your engine is overheating, noises from the water pump or if the circulation of coolant is not enough. The water pump has a specific lifetime of about 90,000km. if the time is up, do a diagnosis and make a replacement.

Body

Fog Lights

Fog lights are installed beneath the headlights to help you see in front of the vehicle especially during nasty weather. The fog lights at the rear produce red lights that other vehicles can see during foggy and any bad weather. They are specially made to produce a wide light beam that has a sharp cut off that prevents it from reflecting off the fog. Fog lights are important for your safety on the road. If they are broken or not working do a diagnosis and come in for a replacement.

 Front Spoiler

The front spoiler is also referred to as the air dam, splitters or bumper lip. It is placed in front of the bumper or integrated with it. The front spoiler is designed to reduce the flow of air underneath the vehicle. If your front spoiler suffers physical damages from impact, you can get a replacement for it.

Glass for Wing Mirror

The wing mirror is also known as the side-view mirror or side mirror. The wing mirror is positioned outside the car in such a way as to be able to monitor what lies behind the car. If the glass of your wing mirror is cracked, then you will have distorted and misleading images. Replace broken and cracked mirrors for safety on the road.

Headlight Lens

The lens inside the car is a concave mirror. Concave mirrors are used because they have great converging power. The lens concentrates the rays of light at a specific point. When your headlights are not functioning as they should, it could be an issue with the headlight lens.  When your diagnosis is done, come in for a replacement.

 Headlights

Headlights are lamps placed at the front of the vehicle to provide illumination of the road. Headlights come in three types, LED, HID or halogen. It is essential that the headlamps on your car are working, it is the only way you can see the road before you when it is dark. We offer a replacement for broken headlights or malfunctioning ones.

 Hood

The is the hinged cover of the engine. It protects the components inside the engine from bad weather and all kinds of contamination. The car hood can be ruined from impact when the car crashes. You can get a brand new hood to replace the ruined one.

Longeron

The longeron is the underframe of the car on which the body is mounted. It carries the entire weight of the car therefore it is important that it remains in good shape. If the chassis is damaged, you will notice physical misalignment, scraping noises when you drive, uneven wear and incorrect fit of all other parts.

Number Plate Light

The number plate light is located at the rear of the car and illuminates the number plate. The light enables other drivers to read your number plate. If the light dims or goes off, have it fixed and replaced.

  Radiator Emblem

The radiator emblem is a metal plate that bears the manufacturer’s name and logo. If your radiator emblem is worn or comes off, you can have it replaced.

 Grille

The grille covers the open part of the car that lets air in and out. If the grille is dented or suffers physical damage, you can replace it.

 Radiator Support Panel

The radiator support panel is made of metal plating and is placed at the front end of the car. The support panel can suffer physical damage at impact and bend or break.

 Fog Lights

Fog lights are designed to provide illumination during bad weather. They alert other road users of your presence on the road during bad weather. Replace fog lights that are dim or not working.

 Rear Lights

Rear lights are the red lights at the rear end of the vehicle. You will know they are faulty if they fail to come on with the headlights or they are too dim.

 Reflector

The reflector is designed to reflect light from other vehicles on the road to aid with visibility. They are necessary for other road users to know that you are on the road. Replace a reflector that does not work.

 Reverse Light

The reverse lights serve to warn road users and any people around the car that it is about to move backwards. Faulty reverse lights do not turn on and you need to replace them immediately.

 Panel

The panel is the part between the rear door and the trunk of the car. The panel may incur physical damage like denting. Replace the damaged panel if it is beyond repair.

 Indicators

Indicators point to the direction where you want to turn to alert other road users so that they can make their way. If the indicators are not turning on or malfunctioning have them inspected and replaced if need be.

 Stop Light

The stoplight is a red light at the back of the vehicle that indicates when the brakes have been applied. If the stoplight is not coming on, have it checked out and replaced where necessary.

 Tailgate

The tailgate is a red warning light at the back of the vehicle. If the tailgate is failing to turn on then it is an indicator that it is faulty.

 Tailgate Lock

The tailgate lock converts electrical current into a magnetic field that activates a locking mechanism on the trunk. If your tailgate lock is not securing your lock then it has a fault.

 Tailgate Struts

The tailgate strut is a cylinder containing a piston. When shutting the tailgate, the piston is pressed into the cylinder and compresses the gas. If the struts are damaged, the car bounces and the front tends to dip.

 Third Brake Light

The third brake light is meant to alert other drivers when you hit your brakes. Constantly check your third brake light and replace it if it is faulty for your safety.

 Towbar

A tow bar is a bar that is fitted at the back of your car for towing a caravan or a trailer. If you need to attach a trailer to your car, procure a tow bar.

 Wheel Arch

This is the part of the car over the wheel that is shaped like an arch and grants access to the wheel. The arch can suffer damages on impact that may in turn affect the wheel. Replace a bad wheel arch.

 Wheel Arch Liner

The wheel arch liner prevents the wheel from flying off in case of an accident. This protects the other road users as well. If the wheel arch liner comes off, replace it.

 Window Seal

The window seal is also referred to as a weatherstrip. It prevents rain, pests and other components from getting into the car. The window seal wears out with time and can be damaged by other factors like collisions.

Wing Mirror

The wing mirror is located outside on the sides of the vehicle. It allows the driver to see what is behind and to the sides. If the mirror is misaligned or broken have it checked.

 Mirror Covers

The mirror covers protect the mirrors from bird droppings and weather elements. They also protect the mirrors in case of impact. Replace damaged mirror covers.

Brake System

ABS Pump

The ABS pump is a braking system that prevents the wheels of the car from skidding and locking when pressure is applied to the brakes. If your brakes lock themselves under normal driving conditions then your ABS pump is probably faulty. Have any strange behaviour from your brakes investigated and repalace a faulty ABS pump.

 ABS Sensor

The ABS sensors are located on your car’s tires to monitor the speed of the wheels. When the ABS sensor goes bad, you will notice the ABS warning lights coming on and dysfunctional brakes. Have it replaced.

 Brake Caliper

The brake callipers are part of the braking system. They are designed to put pressure on the brake pads to the wheels. If your brake calliper is the problem, you will probably notice leakage of the brake fluid.

 Brake Caliper Bolt

The role of the brake calliper bolt is to attach part of the calliper called the bracket to the steering knuckle. If the bolt is loose your brakes will be applied all through and will also cause problems with the transmission.

 Brake Caliper Bracket

The brake calliper bracket works as the stopping surface for brake pads. It is mounted on the steering knuckle. If the brake calliper bracket is bad, you will notice noises, your call pulling towards one side and dysfunctionality on your brakes. Functional brakes are essential, replace a bad brake calliper bracket.

 Brake Caliper Piston

The brake calliper piston is the component that forces the brake pad to come into contact with the brake rotor. A faulty brake calliper piston causes pulling to one side, leaks, dragging and noises.

 Brake Caliper Repair Kit

The brake calliper repair kit contains all the necessary components to perform a calliper repair. In most cases, it is cheaper to rebuild your caliper instead of buying one that is already assembled.

 Brake Disc Back Plate

The brake disc backplate protects the inner disk of the brakes from damage from dust and debris. If your back disc comes apart, the inner pads wear out much quicker.

 Brake Discs

The brake discs are designed to use calipers to squeeze the brake pads against discs to create friction and eventually bring the car to a halt. Worn out brake discs are unsafe, a burr can be felt on the rim of a worn brake disc. Make a replacement.

 Brake Discs And Pads Set

The brake disc and pads set includes rotors and pads. The pads are installed on either side of the calliper. If you want your braking system to be safe and reliable, replace the discs and pads together.

Brake Drum

The brake drum works together with the brake shoes to create a friction pair that brings about wheel deceleration. You will notice an unusual feel to your brake pedal if the brake drum is faulty. Have an expert check it out to verify the real problem and any replacement if required.

 Brake Fluid

Brake fluid is used in the hydraulic brake system. When you require a brake fluid change or top off, the ABS light goes on. If your brake pads are bad you will notice uneven wear and ruin your brake pads.

Brake Fluid Reservoir

The brake fluid reservoir stores the brake fluid. The brake fluid reservoir are canisters that connect to the brake fluid cylinder. If the brake fluid is low, you can top it off in the brake fluid reservoir.

 Brake Hose

The brake hose is located at each wheel of the car and is made of rubber. The brake hose carries brake fluid from the brake line of the car to the brake calliper on the wheel. If the brake hose shows signs of damage and wear then it should be changed. A bad brake hose causes mushy brake pedals and the brakes failing to operate.

 Brake Light Switch

The brake switch on the car is an electrical switch that is designed to operate brake lights.

If the brake lights fail to come on then the brake light switch is faulty. If there is a fault, the transmission shifter does not come out of the park position.

 Brake Master Cylinder

The brake master cylinder is a device that converts force into hydraulic pressure. The device controls other cylinders at the other end of the hydraulic brake system. If the brake master cylinder is bad, you will notice abnormal behaviour from your brakes, the brake warning light coming on, low brake fluid levels and contaminated brake fluid. Replace worn and damaged cylinders.

Brake Pad Wear Sensor

The brake pad wear sensors are designed as safety additions to the brake system that warns the driver if brake thickness reduces and safety is compromised. Replace old sensors because they will not function with new pads. They continue to display that the brake pads are worn even after replacement.

Brake Pads

Brake pads are made of steel backing plates with friction material bound to the surface which faces the disc brake rotors. Dysfunctional brake pads will cause the car to take much longer to stop, the car pulls to the side when you press down on the brake pedal and excessive vibration.

 Brake Pipe

The brake pipe is a rigid pipe designed to transfer brake fluid from the master cylinder to the brake hoses . A faulty brake pipe may display signs like leaking fluid and the brake fluid light comes on. Have a mechanic inspect your brake system immediately and replace faulty brake lines.

 Brake Power Regulator

The brake power regulator is designed to efficiently control breaking using hydraulic or pneumatic brakes. The brakes feel spongy and may not work if the brake power regulator is damaged. Replace it as soon as possible if it is found to have faults.

Brake Servo

The brake servo is a vacuum component that is designed to offer assistance to the driver by decreasing the braking effort. It increases the pressure of the driver’s foot on the gas pedal. A faulty brake servo causes a spongy feel to the engine and the brakes could completely stop working. Replace the faulty brake servo immediately.

 Brake Shoe Fitting Kit

Brake shoes fitting kit is a series of components that can aid you to assemble and replace the brake shoes of your car. The brake kit comes with brake shoes and brake drums.

Brake Shoes

The brake shoes carry the brake lining in the drum brakes. It is designed to slow the car by pushing outwards . If the brake shoes are bad, the response from your brakes reduces and you hear abnormal noises from the brakes. Driving with bad brake shoes is fatal, have them seen to as soon as possible.

Brake Vacuum Pump

The brake vacuum pump generates vacuum for the vehicle’s brake booster so that the power-assisted braking of your car will work. The brake pedal is hard to press if the brake vacuum pump is damaged. Fuel efficiency becomes low and you may have oil leaks.

 Drum Brake

The drum brake is designed to generate consistent braking force whether the car is going forward or backwards. A bad drum brake causes a loose parking brake, unusual brake feel and scraping noises when brakes are pressed.

 Hand Brake Cable

The hand brake cable serves to connect the hand brake lever to the parking brakes at the rear wheels of the car. A faulty handbrake cable triggers the brake light and you will notice squealing noises as you try to activate your brakes. Replace any hand brake cable with fault.

 Handbrake

The handbrake also knows as the emergency brake is designed to keep the car in position when it is parked. The parking brake fails to move if the handbrake is dysfunctional. You will also notice dragging. Do not drive if your handbrake does not engage and see to it immediately .

 Handbrake Shoes

The handbrake shoes are located inside the metal drum of your wheel that rotates. Brake response reduces if the handbrake shoes are bad and you will incur loose parking. Do not drive with bad handbrake shoes because your brakes will not properly engage.

Reluctor Ring

The reluctor ring is positioned on top of the crankshaft. As the crankshaft rotates the reluctor triggers the magnetic sensor. The car is hard to start if the reluctor ring is hard. If you have noticed this have an expert check it out and replace the ring if it is called for.

 Wheel Cylinder

The wheel cylinder is located on the wheels and mounted at the top of the wheel. It is designed to exert force on the shoes and bring them in contact with the drum to stop the car with friction. A mushy feel to the brakes is a sign of a bad wheel cylinder. You may also notice that your wheel cylinder is leaking. Replace it as soon as possible.

Clutch

Central Slave Cylinder Clutch

The central slave cylinder clutch is a crucial part of the manual transmission system that enables you to switch gears. If you notice brake fluid leaking around the clutch pedal, you are unable to switch gears and your clutch pedal goes all the way to the flow, replace the slave cylinder clutch.

Clutch Cable

The clutch cable is a steel braided cable. It links the transmission clutch to the clutch pedal mechanism. If the clutch pedal does not respond, it goes all the way to the floor when pressed and it is difficult to shift gears, replace the clutch cable.

 Clutch Flywheel

The clutch flywheel is a metal disc that is fitted between the engine and the clutch onto the crankshaft. It is designed to transfer power from the engine to the drive train. A bad flywheel causes difficulty in changing gears, you may notice a burning smell and vibration in the clutch.

 Clutch Kit

The clutch kit is an assortment of manual transmission parts. They include a pressure plate, clutch disc and the release bearing. If the clutch is faulty it is better to replace the entire kit.

Clutch Master Cylinder

The clutch master cylinder serves as a pump for the clutch system that is hydraulically operated. A bad clutch master cylinder may have fluid leaks, the pedal gets stuck to the floor, the fluid in the reservoir increases and it becomes noisy when engaged.

Clutch Pedal Switch

The clutch pedal switch is located under the dash. It prevents you from starting the car when it is in gear. If the switch is faulty, the vehicle starts without having the clutch pushed in. You will also notice engine failure.

 Clutch Pilot Bearing

The clutch pilot bearing supports the clutch disc and input shaft. The transmission will get out of gear if the clutch pilot bearing is bad. Have an expert do a diagnosis and replace the clutch pilot bearing if called for.

Clutch Plate

The clutch plate is located between the flywheel and friction pressure plate. It is designed to offer damping action against torsional vibrations between the engine and transmission. You will have trouble shifting gears and hear shuddering and grinding noises if the clutch plate is damaged.

Clutch Pressure Plate

The clutch pressure plate is made to apply pressure to the primary clutch plate to hold it against the engine and the flywheel. Your clutch pedal becomes hard to engage, the transmission system starts to have vibrations and the clutch pedal loosens when the clutch pressure plate is bad. Have it diagnosed to find out the actual problem. Replace a damaged clutch pressure plate.

Clutch Release Bearing

The clutch release bearing moves away from the pressure plate when the clutch is engaged to release the clutch pedal. A bad clutch release bearing causes clutch failure, there are weird noises when the clutch is engaged and the gear has shifting issues.

 Slave Cylinder

The slave cylinder is a very important part of the manual transmission system. It is designed to move pressure plates so as to disengage the clutch from the engine of your car when you engage the clutch pedal. If the clutch pedal has a spongy feel then it is a sign that your slave cylinder is bad. Consult an expert for a diagnosis and replace a bad slave cylinder if it is required.

Comfort / Interior

Accelerator Pedal

The accelerator pedal is also called the gas pedal. it is located on the far-right part of the floor. If the accelerator pedal is faulty, the car will hesitate to move when the pedal is pressed, the car doesn’t go beyond a specific limit and the fuel consumption is bad.

 Aerial

The aerial picks up magnetic energy that is transmitted and transfers it to the receiver of your car so that it amplifies the radio waves that interest you. If the car radio is not transmitting as it should, then the aerial might have a fault.

 Cylinder Lock

The cylinder lock uses a series of pins that have a different length that follow the pattern of the key. If you have difficulty inserting or turning the key or issues where the key sticks, have the lock inspected.

Dashboard

The dashboard is a control panel that is set within the console of your car. The dashboard can get scratched while cleaning or laying materials on top of it that can damage the components. In case of a crash, the dashboard can be completely ruined and require replacement.

 Door Contact Switch

The door contact switch is an electronic circuit attached to the door frame for opening and closing the door. The door may start to stick which is a sign of a bad switch.

 Door Lock

The door lock can be activated by the driver automatically or manually using keys. If the system fails to open some of the doors, have it checked and if necessary replace the locks.

 Gear Shifter

The gear shifter is located between the two front seats. If the gear shifter is damaged, the vehicle won’t stop or it goes into the wrong gear.

 Headlight Switch

The headlight switch is located at the left side of the dash. It controls the headlight system of the car. If the system remains unresponsive towards the switching instructions, the switch might be faulty and requires inspection by a professional.

Ignition Switch

The ignition switch activates the main electrical system of the car. If the ignition switch is bad, the car will not start or will delay to to start.

 Interior Mirror

The interior mirror allows drivers to see at the back of the car through the back window. Replace the mirror if it is damaged to ensure safe driving.

Parking Sensors

Parking sensors are proximity sensors that are designed to alert a driver of any obstacles as they park the car. If the parking sensor is bad, it will not alert you of obstacles, you can run an obstacles test before you set off on the road.

Pedal Covers

Pedal covers are placed over the gas pedal or the accelerator. They are designed to keep the gas pedal protected.

Rain Sensor

The rain sensor is designed to detect the presence of water on the windshield. The car then automatically turns on the windshield. If water on your windshield does not activate the wipers then your rain sensor has a fault.

Reverse Light Switch

The reverse light switch controls the operation of your car’s reverse lights. The reverse switch is faulty if the reverse lights refuse to come on or they stay on all the time.

 Seat Adjustment

The seat adjustment is a feature that allows you to adjust the seat of your car to the exact position in which you want it. If you try changing the position of your seat and it does not adjust then the seat adjustment has a fault.

Seat Heating

Car seats are heated by a resistor material. It resists the flow of electricity which is then turned to heat that warms your seats. If your seats do not get warm after the heating is turned on, then it has a fault.

Speedometer Cable

The speedometer cable is located at the back of the speedometer and runs through the gearbox. If the speedometer cable is bad you will hear squealing noises behind the dashboard and the speedometer needle remains static.

 Steering Column Switch

Steering column switches act as indicators, wiper unit actuators, for headlights and for the horn. A failing steering column switch causes the steering wheel to operate roughly and fail to return to the middle.

 Window Motor

The window motor is button operated to raise and lower your car windows. If the windows of your car are not responsive, there is a chance that the motor is broken. Have a clear diagnosis done.

Window Regulator

The window regulator is a mechanical ensemble that moves the window up and down when the motor is activated. If your window remains stuck in one position, have the regulator checked and replaced.

 Window Switch

The window switches are located close to each window. They make it easy to roll up and roll down your window. If windows stick or the switches do not work, have them checked out.

 Winder Handle

The winder handle is an automatic regulator. You rotate it to roll your windows up or down. Inspect the components if the winder does not work.

Damping

Air Suspension

An air suspension is an electrical type of suspension for cars powered by an electrical pump or compressor. It is designed to provide smooth and consistent drive quality. A bad air suspension causes the car to sag, roll and the ride becomes bumpier.

Coil Springs

The coil springs allow the car to drive smoothly when unloaded and they stiffen when the car is loaded. This causes much less bouncing when the car has been loaded. The coil springs will cause sagging, unsettling sounds , vehicle bouncing and harsh swawing if they are damaged.

Leaf Spring

Leaf springs are incorporated to your car to aid with supporting the entire weight of the car.You can tell your leaf spring is damaged if it shifts back and forth between the axle and the frame when you drive over uneven ground.

Shock Absorber

The shock absorber is a hydraulic device that is made to absorb and reduce shock impulses in your car. A damaged shock absorber causes bouncing, steering vibrations and uneven wear on the tires.

 Shock Absorber Dust Cover & Bump Stops

The bump stop is a progressive rate spring that is made to have soft impact initially and increase stiffness when protecting the car from hard impact. The shock absorber dust cover is designed to shield the stem of the shock absorber.

If the bump stops are damaged, metal to metal contact of the car will increase which then causes increased vibration.

 Spring Cap

The spring camp is a component of the car’s damping system. When the spring cap is damaged you will notice car sagging, vibrations while driving, ubrupt vehicle sway and uneven wear on the tires.

 Spring Kit

The spring kit is an assortment of springs specially designed to keep the vehicle at it’s desired height and to provide the right alignment to absorb shock from the road. Faults with the springs cause misalignment, uneven wear, bouncing and vibrations while driving.

Strut Mount

The strut mount links the strut to the chassis or the body of the vehicle. A faulty strut mount causes noise from the steering, the shock absorbers to wear out fast, vibrations and uneven wear of the tires

 Suspension Accumulator

The suspension accumulator stores hydraulic pressure. The hydraulic suspension system absorbs shock and impact from the road to smooth your drive. The drive is very bumpy if the suspension accumulator is faulty. Have your hydraulic system inspected to pinpoint the exact root cause of the problem.

 Suspension Kit

The suspension kit is a complete assortment of parts that can be used to repair the suspension system of your car. The suspension system is made of tires, springs, shock absorbers and all links that connect the car to the wheels.

Electric System

Alternator

The alternator is a generator that charges the car battery. Signs of a bad alternator include dim or overly bright lights, dead battery and failing accessories. Replace a damaged alternator as soon as possible.

 Regulator

The voltage regulator ensures that the right amount of electricity is delivered to the specific car accessories. If the regulator fails the car components do not function or they only work erratically.

 Car Battery

The car battery is a rechargeable battery that is required to start the vehicle. A dead battery means that the car will not start and the electronic components will not work.

 Starter

The starter is a powerful electronic motor designed to crank and start up your engine. If the starter is bad, you will hear a clicking noise when you try to start, the lights come on but it doesn’t start and the engine does not crank.

 Leveling Motor

The levelling motors are designed so that they can adjust the angle of the headlamp to ensure that the road is always illuminated. If the levelling motor is bad, the angle of the headlights is not adjustible

Motorcycle Batteries

Motorcycle batteries are electrical batteries that store electrical energy using reversible chemical reactions. A bad motorcycle battery may have broken terminals or you will notice a bulge in the casing.

 Solenoid

The solenoid is an electromagnet that is actuated to engage the starter motor of an internal combustion engine. Signs of a bad solenoid include clicking sounds from the engine and complete failure of the car to start.

Engine

Camshaft

The camshaft is a rotating motor made of metal that changes rotational motion to reciprocal motion. It enables engine valves to open. A bad camshaft causes the check engine light to come on, the vehicles has poor fuel mileage and poor acceleration.

 Rod Bearing

The rod bearing is designed to hold spinning shafts in place. A bad rod bearing produces knocking sounds from the engine especially during the cold starts.

 Breather

The breather is designed to blow fresh air into the crankcase to prevent formation of a vacuum. If the breather is damaged, pressure in the crankcase rises which causes build up of impurities like water vapor that contaminate the oil causing sludging.

 Gasket Set

The engine gasket set contains all the necessary gaskets that can be fitted around various parts of the engine. It provides spare gaskets in case the original is blown.

 Crankshaft

The crankshaft is a shaft fitted with various cranks to which the connecting rods of the engine are attached. A bad crankshaft causes stalling, difficulty starting the car and the check engine light comes on.

 Crankshaft Bearing

The crankshaft bearing is designed to provide support to the crankshaft and provide it’s rotation during inertia. If the crankshaft bearing is bad, you will hear clicking sounds from the engine.

 Head

The head is located on the cylinders above the cylinder block. A bad head causes engine overheating and white smoke from the tailpipe.

 Head Bolts

The head bolts are the connecting components between the engine block, the engine head gasket, and the head. Bad head bolts cause over heating and white smoke from the tailpipe.

 Engine Block

The engine block is the part that contains cylinders and all the other parts of the internal combustion engine. A bad engine block causes over heating, leaking of coolant, poor engine performance and visible engine smoke.

 Engine Mount

The engine mount is the part of the car that holds the engine. If the engine mount is damaged, you will notice engine movement, impact noises and excessive vibrations.

 Engine Oil

Engine oil offers lubrication to the engine parts that are always with friction. If the engine oil is low, you will hear clunking and grinding sounds from the engine. Refill your engine oil regularly.

 Exhaust Valve

The exhaust valve controls the amount of gas or vapour that gets into the engine. A bad exhaust valve causes idling, high levels of oil consumption and high levels of smoke.

 Gasket Kit

Gasket kits are used to seal any gaps between components and prevent leaks. Damaged gaskets cause liquid leaks and over heating in the engine.

 Inlet Valves

The inlet valves provide cylinders with air for the diesel engines and in the gasoline engines, they provide a mixture of gas and fuel. Faulty valves cause idling, loss of engine power and excessive oil consumption.

 Intake Manifold

This is the part that is designed to supply air or air and fuel mixture to the cylinders in the engine. A damaged intake manifold causes engine misfiring, coolant leaks and overheating.

 Kit Charger

The kit charger increases the internal combustion of the engine’s power output by adding compressed air in the combustion chamber. A failing kit charger reduces engine power.

 Oil Dipstick

The dipstick is used to determine the level and quantity of oil in parts of the engine that are not so accessible. The dipstick indicates if you are low on oil and require a refill or if your oil is dirty and needs changing.

 Oil Drain Plug

The oil drain plug is located at the lowest point if the oil pan. This is to allow the oil to flow on it’s own when you change oil. A faulty oil drain plug causes oil leaks and overheating from the engine.

 Oil Filler Cap

The oil filler cap seals the opening from which you pour your engine oil. A damaged oil filler cap can cause a vacuum leak that causes the check engine light to come on.

 Level Sensor

The level sensor is located inside the oil pan. It is designed to measure the amount of oil inside the pan.  A bad level sensor gives wrong and unstable readings, this sets off the warning light. Have an expert look at it and replace it immediately if needed.

Oil  Pump

The oil pump circulates engine oil to the internal rotating parts of the combustion engine. If the oil pump is faulty the oil pressure reduces and you get a low oil pressure warning.

Oil Sump

The oil sump is located at the bottom of the engine. It collects the oil that is pumped through the lubricated parts of the engine. A bad oil sump leads to oil leaks and overheating in the engine.

 Piston

The role of the piston is to transfer power from the expanding gas in the cylinder to the crankshaft. A bad piston causes reduces acceleration, white exhaust smoke and excessive fuel consumption.

 Piston Rings

Piston rings are attached to the outside diameter of the piston. Faulty piston rings cause gray or white exhaust smoke, reduced acceleration and fuel consumption.

 Rocker Arm

A rocker arm is an oscillating lever designed to convey radial movement from the cam lobe to open the poppet valve. A bad rocker arm causes the exhaust valves and intakes to malfunction.

 Rocker Cover

The rocker cover is bolted over the rocker arm in the combustion engine. A damaged rocker cover leads to oil leaks from what is supposed to lubricate the rocker arm components.

 Secondary Air Pump

The secondary air pump injects air into the exhaust stream to allow for a fuller secondary combustion. If the secondary air pump is damaged, the catalytic converters will plug up and require replacement.

Tappet

The taper converts camshaft motion into linear valve motion. A faulty tappet produces so much noise in the engine.

Timing Belt Cover

The timing belt cover is meant to protect the timing chain from dirt and debris. A bad timing belt cover causes oil leaks, noises from the engine and the check engine light comes on.

Engine Cooling System

Antifreeze

Antifreeze is an additive that is designed to lower the freezing point of water-bases liquids. It is an important engine coolant that regulates the temperature inside your car. If you do not put anti freeze in your car, your engine runs the risk of overheating. Check to have your antifreeze refilled periodically.

Coolant Expansion Tank

 The coolant expansion tank allows heated coolant to expand without causing the cooling system to fail. The expansion tank prevents the coolong system from becoming over pressurized as the coolant heats up and expands.

Coolant Sensor

The coolant sensor measures the temperature of antifreeze in the cooling system to give an indication of the amount of heat released by the engine. A goood sensor should exhibit readings of about 2000 ohms, anything else means your sensor is faulty. A bad coolant sensor can cause stalling and rough idling.

Engine Radiator

The engine radiator is a heat exchanger that cools internal combustion engines. A bad radiator causes the car to overheat , coolant leaks and build up of sludge in the radiator. Replace a bad raditor because it can cause overheating in the engine which can lead to damage.

 Engine Thermostat

The engine thermostat keeps the engine from the radiator until a specific minimum temperature. A faulty engine thermostat will cause leakage from the mounting surface, rust on the thermostat surfaace and deposit buildup. Your car will overheat if it is run without replacing the thermostat.

Expansion Tank Cap

The expansion tank cap ensures that the motor cooling system is stable. A bad expansion cap causes coolant leaks, radiator hose collapses and air inside the cooling system.

Fan Clutch

The fan clutch is a cooling fan that freewheels at low temperatures to allow the engine to warm up faster. A bad fan clutch will cause overheating in the vehicle, reduction in acceleration power and excessively loud cooling fans.

Oil Cooler

The oil cooler is placed at the front of the car’s cooling system.  It lowers the temperature of oil that goes through it. If the oil cooler fails, coolant may sip into the oil which can damage the engine. Inspect and replace worn oil coolers.

Radiator Cap

The radiator cap is designed to act as a release valve thatb opens at the maximum pressure point. It allows heat to ecape and coolaant to flow in the tanks located either side of the radiator. Signs of a damaged radiator cap include coolant leaks, white sreaks on the the radiator and overheating in the engine.

 Radiator Fan

The radiator fan cools the car engine. if your radiator fan has a defect, your cooling fans do not come on, the car overheats and you will notice a blown fuse.

 Radiator Fan Switch

The radiator fan switch is a small simple switch with two yires. The switch is activated when temperature within the engine rises past a certain threshold. It continues to run until the engine temperature goes back down to a predetermined level. If you notice that your engine sounds different, it is an indicator that the radiator fan switch is bad.

Turbo Intercooler 

The turbo intercooler performs the role of reducing temperature of the hot air that is compressed by the turbocharger before it gets to the combustion chamber. If your intercooler is not replaced, it can get clogged and the air going to the engine wil be if high temperature. This reduces engine efficiency.

Water Pump

The water pump is also referred to as the coolant pump. It is essential to the engine’s cooling system because it circulates coolant through the  engine. Driving with a faulty water pump causes overheating and permanent damage to your engine. Replace the water pump before you face bigger costs with a damaged engine.

Exhaust System

Catalytic Converter

The catalytic converter serves to reduce the emission of toxins and pollutants from the the exhaust gas . A bad catalytic converter causes reduction in engine performance, reduced acceleration, excessive heat under the vehicle and black exhaust smoke.

 Catalytic Converter Mounting Kit

The catalytic converter kit is used when making a replacement of this unit. The kit also comes in handy if the fasteners that are faulty are not sold separately.

 Diesel Particulate Filter

The diesel particulate filter is designed to get rid of diesel soot from the exhust gas of a diesel engine. If the diease particulate filter has a problem, the warning light comes on. Have it analyzed by an excpert, replacement is available if need be.

 EGR Valve 

The exhaust gas recirculation controls emissioms from diesel engines. A bad ERG valve leads to decrease in poer , reduced acceleration and fuel efficiency.

Exhaust Clamps

The exhaust clamps are used to connect pipes. Some clamps corrode under heat which can break pipe connections. It is therefore important to replace old and worn exhaust clamps.

Exhaust Flex Pipe

The exhaust flex pipe reduces the vibrations and shaking on the exhaust system. A broken flex pipe causes the issues with compression since the exhaust pressure is not optimized. Replace the flex pipe if you notice it is broken.

 Exhaust Gaskets

The role of the exhaust gasket is to seal the connection between the cylinder head and the manifold. It is important that your car has an exhaust gasket to protect you from carbonmonoxide poisoning. A damaged gsket will cause fluid leaks, poor engine performance, stalling and rough idling.

 Exhaust Hanger

The exhaust hanger secures the exhaust pipe into place with a series of rubber screws. If the exhaust hanger comes apart, then your exhaust pipe will too and therefore thee exhaust fumes will nor be directed away. This puts you at risk of carbonmonoxide poisoning.

Exhaust Heat Shield

The exhaust heat shield keeps the muffler from setting fire to wherever you park or to the contents inside your trunk. It is wrapped around the 400 degree muffler. Driving without a heat shield puts you in danger and the resulting fire damages can cost you dearly.

 Exhaust Manifold

The exhaust manifold is the first part of the exhaust system. It is attatched to the engine and collects all emissions from your engine. A fault exhaust manifoldreduces acceleratuion power, reduces fuel efficiency and you will notice a burning smell from the engine bay.

Exhaust Manifold Mounting Kit

The exhaust manifold mounting kit consists of components for installing the first part of the exhaust system.

 Exhaust Mounting Kit 

The exhaust mounting kit contains components that you need to install your exhaust sytem. It consists of  a number of rubber mounts that are screwed onto the body of your vehicle to keep the exhaust pipe in place.

Exhaust Pipe

The exhaust pipe controls exhaust noise, directs the exhaust fumes away from the car, improves engine performs and improves the consumption of fuel. If your car has no exhust pipe the exhaust fumes are released under your car and can cause carbonmonooxide poisoning.

 Front Silencer

The front silencer reduces the sound produced by the internal combustion engine. The exhaust system produces very loud noise if the fron silencer is off or malfunctioning.

 Lambda Sensor

The lambda sensor is also called the oxygen sensor. It makes certain that your car has the correct amount of oxygen for combustion. The engine warning light turns on if the lambda sensor is bad. You will also notice jerking as you start the car, high fuel consumption and low engine power.

 Middle Silencer 

The middle silencer is located mid way the exhaust system. Your car will be exceptionally loud if you drive without the middle sensor. This goes against regulations, replace it as soon as possible.

Rear Silencer

The rear silencer performs the role of reducing the noise produced by the exhaust fumes of the car. If your engine is producing a lot of noise during emission, get a rear silencer.

 Silencer Mounting Kit

The pupose of the silencer monting kit is to install the silencer box. The exhaust gases make noises when exiting, the kit is used to add silencers to reduce the noises.

Tailpipe

The tailpipe is the rear part of the car’s exhaust pipe. The role of the tailpipe is to direct the exhaust gases away from the car. If your tailpipe is bent or broken, your exhaust system will malfunction, get a replacemen.

Turbocharger

The turbocharger is a turbine driven induction device that boosts the engine’s output power. A bad turbocharger causes poor acceleration, increased gas consumption, excessive exhaust smoke and the check engine light comes on.

Filters

Air Filter

The air filter is made of fibrous or porus material to remove particles like pollen dust from the air going into the engine. Consult with the user manual of your car to know how often you need to change your air filter. If your engine air filter gets too dirty, it woll clog up and won’t supply enough air to the combustion chamber.

Fuel Filter

The fuel filter is located in the fuel line to remove dirt and any particles of rust from the fuel.  If your fuel filter is damaged or worn and not replaced, your engine starts stalling, hard starting and performing poorly.

 Oil Filter

The oil filter serves to keep your engine oil clean. It gets rid of all contaminants that are with in your engine oil. Change your oil filter every  time you chane your engine oil or every 3,000 miles.

 Pollen Filter

The role of the pollen filter is to clean the air goin inside your car cabin. It filters out all airbone materials like pollen, dust and exhaust fumes trying to get into the cabin. If you do not replace your pollen filter, it gets dirty and clogged and its efficiency reduces. The amount of air in the passenger compartment reduces and there will be a bad smell inside your car.

Sports Air Filter

The sports air filter works to ensure that the engine does not have to work hard to bring in air. They improve engine efficiency and produce more power. If the sports air filter is dirty or damaged, you will notice strage noises from the engine, misfiring, the gas mileage on your car also decreases. If diagnosis from your mechanic points to a bad sports air filter, replace it based off his instructions.

Fuel System

Accelerator Cable

The accelerator caable is also known as the throttle cable. It is the link between the gas pedal and the throttle plate of the engine. Signs of a faulty accelerator cable inclue stiffness when pressing the cable, slacking and sticking and engine stalling.

 Carburetor Parts

Carburetor parts are normally a storage chamber for liquid fuel, an idling jet, a choke, a main jet, a venturi-shaped air-flow restriction and an accelerator pump.

 Fuel Cap

The fuel cap is fixed onto the fuel tank to cover it. If there is any issue with your fuel cap like leaks or if it is not secured, the check fuel cap light goes on.

Fuel Injectors

A fuel injector is a pump and valve mechanism that sprays liquid fuel into the diesel engine cylinder. Signs of a bad fuel injector include engine misfiring, rough idling and failure of the car to start.

 Fuel Level Sensor

The fuel level sensor is designed to indicate  the level of fuel. A damaged fuel level sensor causes the fuel gauge to remain stuck on empty or full or the fuel gauge behaving erratically.

 Fuel Pressure Regulator

 The fuel pressure regulator supports the injector to ensure optimal performance of the fuel system. A damaged fuel regulator can cause the car to delay to start or fail to start at all.

Fuel Pressure Sensor

The fuel pressure sensor is located on top of the fuel tank or inside the fuel tank. It reads the pressure inside the fuel system  and detects any leaks or faults with the gas cap. A faulty fuel sensor causes performance decline like decrease in acceleration , fuel efficiency and stalling.

 Fuel Pump

The fuel pump transfers fuel from the tank to the carburetor of the internal combustion engine. A faulty fuel pump causes fuel tank noises, difficulty as the engine starts, dead engine, stalling and sputtering engine.

 Fuel Tank

A fuel tank is designed to hold flammable liquids. A bad fuel tank causes stalling, difficulty while starting, power losses and reduced fuel efficiency.

High Pressure Fuel Pump

A high pressure fuel pump is designed to compress fuel that is supplied by thge electronic fuel pump to the desirable pressure for injection. A damaged high pressure fuel pump will cause delays as you start the engine, overheating of the engine, stalling and reduction in gas mileage.

Injector Seals

The injector seals are designed to seal the mounting seats of the injectors in the cylinder head. If the injecttor seals are damaged you will notice that your injectors are leaky. Have a professional inspect them and replace if damaged.

Throttle Body

The throttle body controls the air getting into the engine of your car. A damaged throttle body can cause stalling and low engine idling when you start your car.

Throttle Position Sensor

The throttle position sensors measures the amount of air that goes into the engine. A bad throttle position sensor will cause the throttle body of your car to malfunction. The throttle body could shut out air causing the engine not to start.

Gaskets / Sealing Rings

Camshaft Seal

The camshaft seal is an oil seal that is located inside the cylinder.The camshaft seal wears out with time and should be replaced about every 80,000 miles.

 Crankshaft Seal

The crankshaft seal is located at the front of the engine and it seals the end of the crankshaft with the timing cover. A damaged crankshaft seal will cause a significant amount of oil to leak.

Cylinder Head Gasket

The cylinder head gasket creates a seal between the engine block and the cylinder head. A blown cylindervhead gasket causes external leaks , overheating beneath the hood and smoke with a white tint from the  exhaust. You will also notice reduction of coolant levels without leaks .

Exhaust Manifold Gasket

The exhaust maifold gasket has multiple layers of metal and other materials to provide a firm seal. A blown exhaust gasket reduces power and performance. The exhaust manifold gasket is the first in the exhaust system and should therefore be inspected regularly ans replaced if need arises.

Inlet Manifold Gasket

The inlet manifold gasket ensures that the mixture for combustion is evenly distributed to ensure that the engine performs as it should. If the inlet manifold gasket is bad, the check engine light will come on. Have an expert check it.

 Oil Cooler Gasket

The oil cooler gasket keeps the oil inside the cooling system. If the oil cooler gasket is blown, your oil cooler will start to leak.

Oil Drain Plug Gasket

The drain plug gasket secures the oil plug. If the oil drain plug gasket is damaged, loose or worn out, it will cause oil leaks. If the plug gasket is worn out, replace it immediately.

 Oil Sump Gasket

The oil sump gasket seals the link between the engine and oil pan from which oil is pumped to the parts that require lubrication. A bad oil sump gasket will cause oil leaks. Have it checked out immediately and replace where necessary.

 Rocker Cover Gasket

The rocker cover gasket performs the role of sealing the the joint between the rocker cover and the rest of the engine. If the rocker cover gasket fails, you will notice oil leaking from the engine. Take it to be checked by a mechanic and replace if required.

Seal Sunroof

The seal sunroof keeps water from leaking into the car. If your car has a drain channel, the seal sunroof prevents it from feeling up with so much water. Signs of damages to the sunroof seal include a wet headliner or water leaking from the headliner.

 Thermostat Gasket

The thermostat gasket performs the important role of preventing oil and coolant from leaking out of the engine. Signs of a faulty  thermostat gasket include high temperature readings, overheating of the engine and leaking of coolant.

Timing Cover Gasket

The timing cover gasket protects the timing belt that links the camshaft to the crankshaft . It also allows the engine valve to open and close at the right time during the process of internal combustion. Replace the timing cover gasket after about 100,000 miles of service.

Valve Stem Seals

Valve stem seals control the amount of oil that lubricates the valve stems. A bad valve stem seal burns when you push the accelerator after you coast for a while. Replace damged valve stem seals.

Heating / Ventilation

Blower Control Unit

The blower control unit automatically adjusts the temperature and blower speed according to the temperature that you set. If the blower control unit is damaged, there will be no air through the vents even with your fan turned on.

 Blower Motor Resistor

The blower motor resistors control the fan speed of car blowers. If a blower motor fan is damaged,  you will notice smoking vents, a burning smell and failure of the fan.

Heater Blower Motor

The heater blower motor circulates the heated or coled air. Signs of a damged heater blower motor include weak air flow, noises from your ventilation system and smoke or smells of burning as you drive.

Heater Core

The heater core is a device used in heating the cabin of a vehicle. Driving when the heater core is bad can cause over heating and excessive engine damage. Have it repaired aor replaced immediately.

Ignition / Preheating

Distributor Cap

The distributor cap is a cover that shields the internal components of the distributor. A bad distibutor cap causes squealing noises from the car, difficulty starting the car and vibrations on starting or when shifting gears.

 Distributor Rotor

The distributor rotor is a component of the ignition system that directs sparks from the ignition coil to make proper contact in the distributor cap. The check light comes on if the rotor is bad and the engine may experience misfiring and unusual noises.

Glow Plug Relay

The glow plug relay switches glow plug current on and off. The warning lights go on to alert you in case there is a problem with the glow plugs. Consult with a qualified mechanic and they will determine if you need a change.

 Glow Plugs

The glow plug is a heating device. It is used to start desiel engines. A bad glow plug can cause engine misfiring, rough idling, reduced efficiency and white or black smoke.

Ignition Coil

The ignition coil converts the voltage from the battery to the thousands of volts needed to make a spark in the spark plugs to ignite the fuel. Symptoms of a bad ignition coil include, rough idling and misfiring of the engine, difficulty starting the engine and the check engine light coming on.

 Ignition Distributor

The ignition distributor is designrd to ensure that spark is continuosly supplied to the spark plugs. A bad ignition distributor can cause engine misfiring, failure of the engine to start and unusual noises from the engine.

 Ignition Leads 

The ignition leads are wires that connect the ignition coil to the spark plugs in internal combustio engines. Change your ignition leads every 60,000 to 10,000 miles.

Ignition Module

The ignition module breaks the contactact for the coils in the ignition system. signs of a bad ignition module include problems with acceleration, temperature problems and failure of the engine to start.

Knock Sensor

The knock sensor detects any signs of abnormal combustion within the ignition. A failing knock sensor affects how the car accelerates and causes the fuel mileage to decline.

Spark Plug

The spark plug is a device that delivers electric current from the the ignition system to the combustion chamber to ignite the comprssed air or fuel. If the spark plug is faulty, the engine will misfire, there is trouble starting the car, failure to accelerate and high fuel consumption.

Light Bulbs

Fog Light Bulb

The fog light bulb is a very bright light used in foggy and other bad weather conditions. It serves to alert other drivers of your presence on the road. If the foglight bulb does not go on, have it checked out immediately.

Headlight Bulb

The headlight bulb is placed at the front of the car to provide illumination on the road. If the buld does not ligh or is dim, have an expert check and replace if necessary.

Interior Lights

The interior lights are located at the ceiling of the car. They go on when people enter or leave the car. If the lighs are nolonger functioning, check to have them repaired or replaced.

Pipes / Hoses

Air Conditioning Pipe

The air conditioning pipe links different parts of the air conditioner. You will notice physical damage on a bad hose, leaking around the hose or the air conditioner not providing cool air.

 Brake Vacuum Hose

The brake vacuum hose connects to the vacuum brake booster. A broken vacuum hose coses your engine to lose a lot of power and eventually lead to engine damage. Replace a damaged vacuum hose as soon as possible.

Coolant Flange

The coolant flange houses the engine coolant temperature sensor. A failing coolant flange causes engine overheating, low levels of coolant and coolant leaks.

 Fuel Hose

A fuel hose transfers fuel from one part of the car to another. A bas fuel hose causes fuel smells within the car, engine stalling or hard starting and fuel leaks.

Power Steering Pipe

The power steering pipe transfers high pressure power steering fluid between the power steering pump and the power steering rack. If the power steering pipe is faulty, there will be difficulty in steering, fluid leaks and low fluid levels.

 Radiator Hose

The radiator hose ensures that the correct amount of coolant reaches the engine. swelling of the hose, cracks, leaks, any holes and collapse are signs of a bad radiator hose.

Turbo Oil Feed Line

The turbo ol feed line drains the oil away from the insides of the turbocharger. A bad turbo oil feed line may be cracked, show bulging on the hose and cause oil leaks.

 Turbocharger Hose

The turbocharger hose is rubber in nature and is designed to reduce the vibrations from the turbocharger to the engine.The check engine light comes on when there is a problem with the turbo hose and fuel gets depleted faster

Relays

Fuel Pump Relay

The foel pump relay controls the power to the fuel pump. If the fuel pump relay is damaged and broken, the car does not start. Replace it immediately.

 Indicator Relay

The indicator relay is a part of the turn indicator system. it ensures that the turn indicator lamp blinks with a defined frequency. If the turn indicator light does not go off, then the indicator relay is broken.

Wiper Relay

The wiper relay switch operates when you turn on the wipers on your car. If the wiper relay is faulty, the wipers will not work at a uniform speed as they should.

Sensors

Ambient Temperature Sensor

The ambient temperature sensor is designed to measure the external temperature of the car so that the temperature inside the cabin can be maintained accordingly. A failing ambient temperature sensor will cause the AC auto mode not to function, inconsistent cooling and inconsistent readings on the temperature gauge.

 Boost Pressure Sensor

The boost pressure sensor is located in the intake pipe at the front of the throttle valve. The role of the sensor is to measure the pressure and send the reading to the engine management system. If your boost pressure sensor is bad, the engine will exhibit sysmptoms like high or low engine power.

 Camshaft Sensor

The camshaft sensor enables the engine to tell the position of the crankshaft drive. When the camshaft sensor stops work, the signal sent to the engine control unit weakens. This can be dangerous if it happens when you are driving. Replace camshaft sensors that have been used over a long period of time or suffered  damages.

Crankshaft Sensor

The crankashaft sensor is located in the combustion engine. It monitors the position and rotational speed of the crankshaft. If the crankshaft sensor goes bad, the engine will misfire and starts to stall while you drive.

Esp Sensor

The Electronic stability program (ESP) sensor monitors the vehicle’s out of contorl movements like skidding and stops them. If you are driving on potentially harmful surfaces you will notice the ESP warning light and firmer grip in your wheels. The ESP sensor serves to keep you safe, replace it if faulty as soon as possible.

Exhaust Gas Temperature Sensor

The exhaust gas temperature sensor is designed to measure the temperature of the exhaust gas. The sensor relays the imformation to the engine control unit so that the right course of action can be taken.

Exhaust Pressure Sensor

The exhaust pressure sensor monitors the difference between the gas in the intake and outtake of the particulate filter. The exhaust pressure sensor is a very important component in regulating air pollution through exhaust fumes.s

 Fuel Temperature Sensor

The fuel control sensor performs the role of determining the amount of fuel that should be injected. It sends this information to the engine control unit. A bad fuel sensor affects the air to fule ratio causing the car to detoriorate in performance. The power and accelerattion decrease.

 Idle Air Control Valve

The idle control valve is also referred to as the idle control accuator. It serves to control engine idling rotational speed. If the idle air control valve fails, the engine will not idle and may suffer stalling.

Intake Air Temperature Sensor

The intake air themperature sensor (IAT) is also known as the air change temperature sensor. It measures the temperature of air that goes into the engine. a bad intake temperature sensor can cause engine stalling, idling and random power surges.The symptoms only worsen with time if the sensor is not replaced.

 Mass Air Flow Sensor

The mass airflow sensor monitors how much air enters the internal combustion engine. It is crucial to ensure that the right amount of fuel is delivered to the engine. Signs of a faulty mass air flow sensor include difficulty in starting the engine and hiccups from the engine. You will encounter further driving problems like poor acceleration if the sensor is not replaced.

Oil Pressure Switch

The oil pressure switch is installed inside the oil circuit of the engine. Its role is to monitor the oil pressure of the engine and trigger the warning light if necessary. Problems with the oil pressure switch are indicated by the oil warning light, noise from the engine, smells of burning oil and overheating from the engine. Replacement is available if your oil pressure switch is bad.

 Oil Temperature Sensor

The oil temperature sensor monitors the temperatuure of the engine oil. The measurement is then displayed. The vehicle should not operate when temperature is too high, the engine is at risk of damage. Signs of a faulty oil temperature sensor include irregular readings, black smoke from the exhaust and the check engine light coming on. If diagnosis indicates a bad temperature sensor, have it replaced.

 Temperature Sensor 

The temperature sensor plays an important role of monitoring the temperature of the engine’s coolant. It is important that you ensure that the temperature sensor is always in good working conditions. If the readings from the temperature sensor are wong, the engine can make wrong fuel to air mixture calculations. An indicator of issues with the temperature sensor is excessive smoke emissions from the car.

Turbo Control Valve

The turbo control valve does an important role of relieving pressure. It controls the output at your turbo by keeping the exhaust gases away from the turbine wheel. A bad turbo control valve will cause noises from the turbo charger, issues with boosting and you will notice that the check engine light is on. Get a replacement for a bad turbo control valve.

 Tyre Pressure Sensor

The tyre pressure sensor makes a report of the real-time pressure information to the car. The information can be provided through a warning light if the tyre pressure is low. The tyre pressure sensor informs you if your tyre is under inflated or over inflated. You can learn more about the sensor from your user’s manual to determine when you need replacement.

Steering

Hydraulic Oil

Hydraulic oil is a non compressible fluid that transfers power throughout the steering system. The power steering system is a hydraulic system that runs on hydraulic oil.

Inner Tie Rod

The inner tie rod links the steering knuckle of your car to the steering rack on the front wheels. A bad inner road causes the wheels to misalign which makes steering shaky.

 Steering Oil

The steering oil is the hydraulic fluid that transmits power throughout your steering system. Change your steering oil about every two years.

 Steering Pump

The power steering pump makes certain that steering fluid reaches the entire steering system. A bad steering pump can cause fluid leaks and overheating that can lead to extensive damage.

 Angle Sensor

The angle sensor transmits the rate at which the wheel turns to the car’s computer system. If the steering sensor is bad, the information sent to the computer will be wrong which causes looseness while steering.

 Column + Electric Power Steering

It enables the additional steering torque to be moved to the steering shaft . The sensors detect how much torque is being produced by the driver and the computer works out how much assistance to offer. If the system fails, steering becomes more difficult.

 Steering Rack

The steering rack is a bar that is parallel to the front axel designed to correctly align the front wheels. A bad steering rack causes misalignment while driving, the car pulls to one side and there is a bouncing sensation.

 Steering Rack Boot

The rack boots are made of rubber and they are designed to cover the steering rack. They seal in the lubricant and prevent dirt from getting in. Worn steering rack boots cause other components to wear out faster which creates bigger damage .

 Stabilizer

The stabilizer is a bar that prevents the car from rolling too much at corners or going over irregularities in the road. A faulty stabilizer causes rattling noises from the wheels and loosness while steering.

 Rod

The rod attached the steering arm to the steering rack. A bad steering rod causes misalignment of the tires, uneven wear, inability to steer and squealing noises as you turn your car

 Track Rod End

The track rod end is a flexible ball joint that connects the tie rods to the steering rack and the front wheel steering knuckle. A damaged track rod end will cause vibrations as you steer and rattling sounds.

Suspension

Anti Roll Bar

The anti roll bar is a rubber mounted bar that is placed in the suspension system of the vehicle to increase stability especially when making corners. If the anti roll bar is bad, the car will roll too much when making corners and the wheels will be misaligned.

 Anti Roll Bar Bushes

They reduce the roll of the car especially when moving fast at corners. They connect opposite wheels together. If the anti roll bushes are faulty, the car rolls too much.

 Roll Bar Links

They reduce the roll of the car while going over irregularities in the road or at corners. The car leans excessively if the roll bar links are faulty.

Bushes

Bushes are cushion like materials mounted onto the suspension system to absorb bumps and vibrations from the road. If the bushes are worn, you will feel every irregularity the car drives over

 Beam Axle

The beam axle is a suspension design that connects a set of wheels by a single beam. A bad beam axle produces noises and vibrations.

 Control Arm

The control arm is a hinged suspension link that connects the chassis and the hub that carries the wheel. A bad control arm causes steering wandering, and wearing of joints and bushes

 Arm Repair Kit

The arm repair kit is an assortment of components for repairing and assembling the control arm.

 Differential

The differential is a system of gears that is designed to allow the wheels to turn at different speeds even when they are linked by the same axle. A bad differential causes tire damages, vibrations and gear grindings.

 Steering Knuckle

The steering knuckle is the part that contains the wheel hub and connects to the suspension and steering components. A bad steering knuckle causes uneven wearing at the tires, shaky steering wheel and steering noises.

 Suspension Ball Joint

Suspension ball joints are spherical bearings that connect the control arms to the steering knuckles  Symptoms of a bad suspension ball joint include excessive tire wear and steering wandering.

 Bearing

Bearing enables the hub assembly to move without friction and therefore allow smooth tire and wheel rotation. Bad wheel bearings produce noise that gets louder the faster you go.

Wheel Bolt

The wheel bolts are threaded fasteners onto which lug nuts are secured to fasten the wheel. Bad and unfastened bolts cause the car to shake while you are steering.

 Wheel Hub

The wheel hub is located at the center of the wheel. The wheel hub is necessary to keep the wheel attached to the vehicle. if the wheel hub exhibts noises, vibrations and you have poor steering control, have an expert check it out.

Wheel Nuts

Wheel nuts attach the wheels to the vehicle hub. If the wheel nuts are missing or damaged, replace them immedeiately because a lot of pressure will be exerted on the wheel.

Wheel Spacers

Wheel spaces are designed to increase the distance between the wheel and the wheel hub assembly. You will notice a wobbling sensation from your tires if the wheel spacers are damaged.

 Wishbone Bushes

Wishbone bushes are also called suspension bushes. They are crucial to the safety of your car to steering and handling. If the wishbone bushes are worn, you will have difficulty in controlling the car steering.

 

 

Transmission

Automatic Transmission Filter

The automatic transmission filter shielsd the internal transmission components from contamination. Change the transmission filter every time you change the oil in your transmission.

 Automatic Transmission Fluid 

Automatic transmission fluid is designed to to provide lubrication for moving parts and hydraulic pressure and friction for the internal parts. Automatic transmissin fluid should be changed about every 30,000 miiles. If you are low on transmission fluild, the gears will malfunction.

Gearbox Gaskets

The gearbox gasket is used to secure the components in the transmission.  if there is a problem with the gasket, you may notice problems like burning smell, low transmission fluid levels. Do an informed diagnosis and replace the gearbox gasket.

 Gearbox Mount 

A gear box mount is made to have have the gear box attatched to the car. you can replace your gear box if it is deffective or has reached it’s limit of use.

A bad gear box will show signs like excessive noise, vibration and damages to the engine.

Repair Kit Gear Lever

This assortment of parts can be used on the original gear lever in case there are faults with it.

Shifter Cable

The purpose of the shifter cable is to put the transmission into proper gear. If your shifter cable breaks, the gears malfunction. This is very dangerous while you drive and you should replace the cable as soon as possible.

 Speed Sensor

The speed sensor is designed with a toothed ring and pickup. It reads the speed based off the rotation of the wheel. If the speed sensor malfunctions, the car will exhibit hard  shifts, delayed shifts and limited gear. It is crucial for transmission operation and should therefore be immediately replaced.

Transmission Oil

Transmission oil is used to lubricate the transmission components of the car to increase performance. when your transmission oil is low and you need a refill, you will notice signs like, puddles under the car, shuddering or shaking. The transmission may fail to engage or you will notice a burning smell.

Wheel Drive

Cv Boot

The CV boot is made of plastic or rubber to cover the CV joint. It keeps the CV joint lubricated and shields them from dirt. A bad CV boot will make clicking sounds and leave grease marks. Replace your CV boot if it is worn out.

 Cv Joint

The constant velocity (CV) joint allows the drive shaft to shift power without increase in friction. A faulty CV joint makes clicking noises and knocking sounds. you may also notice grease marks on the tire edges. Know when your CV joint needs a change.

Drive Shaft Coupling 

It is made with a cable attatched to it. The control cable is pulled out to disengage the car when towing and pulled in to engage when driving. A faulty drive shaft coupling produces clunking noises and makes turning difficult.

Propshaft 

It is also referred to as popeller shaft or drive shaft. It is part of the car’s drive chain which is fashioned to transfer torque from the transmission to the differention. From there the torque is transfered to the wheels to make movement. Symptoms of a bad propshaft include clunking noises and vibrations and shudders. You can drive with a faulty drive shaft but not for long, it suffers continuous destruction when not attended to that could disable movement. Replace earlier on.

Tripod Hub

Have an expert carry out the replacement of the tripod hub.

Windscreen Cleaning System

Windscreen Washer Jets

The windscreen washer jets are nozzles that connect to the car’s washer tank. The washer jets are designed to direct water onto the windscreen. The washer jets can get clogged and so dirty that cleaning may not be of help. That will require you to get new ones. They come in different profiles and have varying capacities.

 Windscreen Washer Pump

The windscreen washer pump is mounted on the inside fender. It is a component of the window washer that is controlled by the driver. Signs of a faulty windscreen washer pump include the washer not spraying evenly on the windshield, and no fluid spaying out. These are signs that you might need a replacement. Have a clear diagnosis done.

 Windscreen Washer Reservoir

The windscreen washer reservoir is a small tank that holds the detergent mixture that is used to clean the windscreen. A windscreen washer reservoir can get worn out and damaged, no longer holding detergent to clean the windscreen. That means you need a replacement.

 Windscreen Wiper Arm

The windscreen wiper arm is a component of the wiper. The wiper arm connects the wiper motor with a rubber strip.

Signs of a damaged wiper arm include, paint flaking from the wiper arm, chattering wipers and wiper blades not reaching the windshield. Replace worn and malfunctioning wiper arms.

Windshield Wipers

Windshield wipers have special padding to remove rain, washer fluid, water and debris from the windshield so that the driver can see ahead.

Windshield wipers wear out and sometimes get damaged cleaning off debris. Windshield wipers are crucial for visibility, replace worn out wipers.

 Wiper Blade Rubber

The rubber is fitted to the blade to wipe the windshields.

Inspect your wiper blades when they are faulty. You may not need to replace the entire blade, sometimes it is just the rubber that need changing.

 Wiper Linkage

The wiper linkage connects the wiper motor to the wiper arm.

A bent wiper linkage can cause the wipers to move out of sequence. The linkage can get loose and produce a grinding noise reducing functionality. Have it replaced.

 Wiper Motor

The wiiper motor is an induction motor used to drive the car’s windshield wiper.

some components of the wiper motor like the relaay switch can get damaged and alter the speed of windshield wipers. If you have noticed issues with your wipers that stem from the motor, you can have it replaced.

Slinemotors

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